Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a lifesaving technique. We perform this technique as a first aid during an emergency situation such as breathing difficulty, heart attack or any type of road accident.
Anyone can perform CPR techniques without any medical training by just following some simple guidelines.
According to the research, the survival chance of any patient’s life can be increased by two to three times by performing CPR techniques.
Using CPR can help a patient to keep them alive until any emergency services reach them. When any person’s heart stops beating after performing CPR immediately can expand the time for survival of the patient.
In this article we know about Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) techniques procedure. Let us start now Guidelines for using CPR techniques.
Call The Emergency Services
Firstly, check the situation and try to keep patients in the needed comfort zone.
If a patient is not responding to your action immediately call Emergency Services for help.
Note:- In India Medical Emergency services number is 108.
Check the obstruction and open airway
Place the person on their back and kneel beside their chest
Open the patient’s mouth and check with their finger inside if there is any obstruction or not like food, vomiting, or any unnecessary particles.
If you get any obstruction remove it first very safely and open the airway blockage.
Check For Breathing
Place your finger in front of the patient’s mouth or nose and carefully check by feeling air through your skin if the patient is breathing or not ?
If not then start CPR otherwise don’t do any CPR technique because it may cause Severe injury to the spine of the patient.
Procedure To Perform CPR
By using these simple steps any untrained person can save a life. Follow the steps mentioned below.
1- Chest Compression
For using CPR technique we must perform 30 Compression continuously at a time. At least 100 compression should be done in one minute during performing CPR.
First place your one hand in the centre of the chest ( just below the nipples) and put your other hand on the first one and clasp them together. Straight your elbows, press your heel of hands forcefully at least 2 inches deep and do 30 Compression continuously. Let the chest rise fully between compression.
Hand Procedure can be different with age. Adult- press 2 inches with both hand
Child- Press 2 inches with one hand’s heel Infants- press 1.5 inches with tip of two fingers
2- Perform Rescue Breath
After performing hand compression, tilt the head of patient’s and lift the chin and block their nose. After that, place your mouth fully locked over there and blow your breath to make their chest rise.
If there is no response, perform a second rescue breath with the same procedure.
Repeat 30 chest Compression and 2 rescue breaths continuously until the patient does not respond.
When we need Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation techniques
- Heart attack
- Cardiac arrest during dialysis treatment
- Electric shock
- Alcohol overdoses, etc.
Note ;- All the above information may not be 100% true. This is just for the education purpose/basic knowledge.